Science and Water UFOs
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MARINE LIGHT WHEELS ( PHOSPHORESCENCE
IONIZED FIELDS ( See Journal Every-Eve,
MARINE LIGHT WHEELS
By Robert Hendrickson, PhD.
Robert Hendrickson is a MUFON consultant in
entomology and Delaware state director.
Anomalous lights under and on the sea
are diverse phenomena summarized in Corliss (1982), Fort (1974), and
Sanderson (1970). One of the most peculiar forms is wheels of light; These
are hubs around which spokes of light revolve. Corliss (1982) synthesized many
reports, "The spokes, may be straight, curved, or S-shaped. Rotation is
in either direction and may change during the display. In some cases, the
outer part of the wheel seems to spin in a different sense from the central
part. Illustrating the illusory character of the phenomenon, different
observers sometimes see the same wheel rotating in opposite directions. Wheel
sizes range from tens of feet to several miles, with spoke widths of 5-50
feet being common."
As an example, Evans, hydrographer aboard
the H.M.S. Vulture observed light wheels near Bahrain which were reported by
Pringle (1879). "On looking towards the east, the appearance was that of
a revolving wheel with centre on that bearing, and whose spokes were
illuminated, and looking towards the west a similar wheel appeared to be
revolving, but in the opposite direction." The spokes were about 25 ft.
wide, separated by a dark interval of about 75 feet, and appeared at a rate
of 74-75 per minute.
Light wheels may have been described
in ancient Indian literature (Sanderson) and sightings continue into the
1980's (Corliss 1986). They are most commonly reported from the periphery of
the Indian Ocean.
The explanations for light wheels are
generally biological or mechanical. Moss (1879) suggested "noctilucae
and crustaceans . . . but if so, the exceedingly swift traveling cause of the
stimulation would still remain unaccounted for." An observer in Fort,
"pulsations of long strings of jellyfish."
(1880), "electro-magnetic currents exercising their exciting influence
upon some organic animal
vegetable substance.” Corliss. (1982), "If the light source is not bioluminescence,
the anomaly is even stronger." Sanderson eliminated several hypotheses
to the "most ‘unpleasant' notion --
i.e. that the source of the triggering energy is mechanical."
General configuration of a typical phosphorescent
Fort thought extraterrestrial "super-constructions” were involved
and his lead will be followed in the analysis of a subset of the
observations, i.e. light wheels operating in groups of two or more, moving
If the source of light wheels is
mechanical and they have been reported for hundreds or possibly even
thousands of years, they cannot be of human origin, although perhaps we have
the technology now to crudely duplicate the phenomenon on submarines. We
assume here they're UFO-related. We have no problem getting UFOs into or out
of oceans since there are many reports of these events.
But what are they doing? Why the
lights? One thing undersea lights do is frighten fish. An 1826 account in
Corliss (1982) reported, "Long tortuous lines of light in a contrary
direction to the sea, showed, us immense numbers of very large fish darting
about as if in consternation at the scene."
So why frighten fish? Maybe revolving
undersea beams of light are used to herd fish, to force them into a
particular place in the sea or in relation to light wheels. We limited our
discussion to light
in groups of two or more, advancing abreast. If fish swim rapidly away from a
disturbing light stimulus, they may tend to more-or-less line up midway
between two of them, not knowing in which direction to escape. If a pair of
light wheels towed a narrow, tubular net between them, they could rapidly
sweep vast areas of the sea for fish, in a form of trawling far more
efficient than that of modern day commercial trawlers with their huge,
cumbersome, slowly-towed nets.
Three sets of expanding rings
– two circular, one elliptical
Observations supporting the trawling
hypothesis are fragmentary but suggestive. Pringle (1879) reported that
"the ship passed through oily-looking fish spawn" while observing
light wheels. Harris (1880) noted that the water was "studded with
patches of faint, luminous, inanimate matter" during his sighting.
Perhaps if a substantial catch of fish is dragged through water fast enough,
pressure will force fish body contents out, which float to the surface.
Possibly the ships crossed the paths of nets.
Fort compiled a number of reports
relating to a fascinating 19th century incident. "Report of the British
Association, 1861-30: That, upon June 18, 1845, according to the Malta
Times, from the brig Victoria, about 900 miles east of Adalia,
Asia Minor (36°40' 56”, N. Lat.: 13°44' 36” E. Long.), three luminous bodies
were seen to issue from the sea, at about half a mile from the vessel. They
were visible about ten minutes." (Sanderson notes that east in
the quote is a typographical error for west.) At about the same time, a
witness in Adalia, Asia Minor noted "a body that appeared and then broke
up" in a sighting that lasted twenty minutes to half an hour. Other
witnesses remarked that two luminous bodies, apparently five times the size
of the moon, were connected by "sail-like or streamer-like
appendages," which appeared as "large flags blown out by a gentle
Spinning groups of phosphorescent patches
A possible scenario for these
sightings is that three extraterrestial vehicles had been light wheeling, or
trawling, for fish using two nets. They exited from the sea. One of the
outside UFOs transferred its net end to the other outside UFO, then went its
own way. The remaining two UFOs were then transporting two nets loaded with
fish to an unseen mothership when they were observed.
Indeed it's a wild hypothesis.
Perhaps the principal objection to it is that aliens capable of traveling
several light years from a nearby star system do not require food from a
planet they watch. Motherships are reportedly huge. They can probably
transport enormous quantities of food and also grow their own aboard ship. On
the other hand, why should they ignore an abundant supply of highly nutritious
food which can be easily removed from a planet without disturbing its
natives, who don't even know it's happening. Trawling is a way to conserve a
mothership's food stores. Maybe fresh fish is a welcome change in diet.
Probably the reason most sightings
are reported from the Indian Ocean is that the water is relatively clear
there and beams of light can penetrate great distances before attenuation, at
least compared to more murky bodies of water, such as the North Atlantic. In
the Indian Ocean they may be able to catch a lot of fish fast.
Groups of phosphorescent crescents were observed
rotating about several different centers in the Arabian Sea. The groups
averaged 35 meters in diameter.
Corliss, W.R. 1982. Lightning, Auroras, Nocturnal Lights And
Related Luminous Phenomena.
The Sourcebook Project, Glen Arm,
Corliss, W.R.) 1986. Phosphorescent bars and wheel. Science Frontiers
48: 3-4. The
Sourcebook Project, Glen Arm,
Fort, Charles. 1974. The book of the damned. In The Complete books
of Charles Fort.
Harris, R.E. 1880. A Strange Phenomenon, Nature 21: 409.410.
Moss, E.L. I879. Report of an unusual phenomenon observed at sea.
Nature 20: 428.
Pringle, J.E. 1879. Report Of An Unusual phenomenon Observed At Sea,
Sanderson, LT. 1970. Invisible Residents. World Pub. Co., NY.
This reference: As indicated
at the beginning of the article. My thanks to John Schuessler and MUFON for
permission to post this article to this website. MUFON UFO Journal #227, ©